Bismillah al-Rahman al-Rahim was-salaat was-salaam `ala Rasulillah
Part VII. Proofs From The Noble Qur'an For the Probativeness of the Sunna (Continued)
d) Verses that indicate the obligatoriness of obeying and imitating the Prophet -- Allah bless and greet him -- in absolute terms in whatever he orders and whatever he prohibits as the necessary condition for being loved by Allah.
- Allah Almighty and Exalted said: "Say, (O Muhammad, to mankind): If you love Allah, follow me; Allah will love you and forgive you your sins. Allah is Forgiving, Merciful" (3:31). Some people came and said: "Messenger of Allah, verily we love Allah!" whereupon Allah revealed "Say: If you love Allah...".1 Al-Hasan said: "Thereafter, the mark of their love for Him was their adherence to the Sunna."2
- And He said: "Verily in the messenger of Allah you have a good example for him who looks unto Allah and the last Day, and remembers Allah much" (33:21). Al-Qadi `Iyad quoted al-Hakim al-Tirmidhi and other commentators as saying: "Following the examplarity of the Messenger means taking him as one's leader, following his Sunna, and not contravening him whether in speech or in deed."3
- And He said: "The Prophet is closer to the believers than their selves, and his wives are (as) their mothers" (33:6).
- And He said: "Say: If your fathers, and your sons, and your brethren, and your wives, and your tribe, and the wealth you have acquired, and merchandise for which you fear that there will be no sale, and dwellings you desire are dearer to you than Allah and His messenger and striving in His way: then wait till Allah brings His command to pass. Allah guides not wrong doing folk" (9:24).
- And He said: "And lo! you are of a tremendous nature. And you will see and they will see which of you is the demented. Lo! your Lord is best aware of him who strays from his way, and He is best aware of those who walk aright" (68:4-7).
- And He said: "And ordain for us in, this world that which is good, and in the Hereafter (that which is good), Lo! We have turned unto You. He said: I smite with My punishment whom I will, and My mercy embraces all things, therefore I shall ordain It for those who ward off (evil) and pay the poor due, and those who believe Our revelations; Those who follow the messenger, the Prophet who can neither read nor write, whom they will find described in the Torah and the Gospel (which are) with them. He will enjoin on them that which is right and forbid them that which is wrong. He will make lawful for them all good things and prohibit for them only the foul; and he will relieve them of their burden and the fetters that they used to wear. Then those who believe in him, and honor him and help him, and follow the light which is sent down with him: they are the successful" (7:156-157).
- And He said: "And when you said unto him on whom Allah has conferred favor and you have conferred favor: Keep your wife to yourself, and fear Allah. And you did hide in your mind that which Allah was to bring to light, and you did fear mankind whereas Allah had a better right that you should fear Him. So when Zayd had performed the necessary formality (of divorce) from her, We gave her unto you in marriage, so that (henceforth) there may be no sin for believers in respect of wives of their adopted sons, when the latter have performed the necessary formality (of release) from them. The commandment of Allah must be fulfilled" (33:37).
1Narrated from al-Hasan and Ibn al-Jurayj by al-Tabari in his Tafsir (3:232) and al-Qurtubi in his ? (4:60).
2Narrated by al-Lalika'i in Sharh Usul I`tiqad Ahl al-Sunna (1:70).
3In al-Qadi `Iyad, al-Shifa' (2:7).
4. Proofs From The Noble Qur'an For the Probativeness of the Sunna (end)
(e) Fifth and Last: Type of Verses Denoting the Probativeness of the Sunna:
Verses indicating that Allah Almighty and Exalted has tasked the Prophet -- Allah bless and greet him -- with following and conveying whatever is revealed to him whether in recited (matlu) or non-recited form, forbidding him to neglect or alter or replace any part of it, and assuring him that He had protected him against people who would wish him to alter or cover up something of what was revealed to him.
This type additionally includes verses that indicate that he fulfilled this command, conveyed the message fully and in the most perfect manner, and guided people to the straight path; that Allah Almighty and Exalted has completed and perfected the Religion for the Community by means of the Prophet's -- Allah bless and greet him -- conveyance of all that had been revealed to him; and that the Prophet -- Allah bless and greet him -- was "of a tremendous nature" (68:4), "nature" or "character" here meaning the source of all conscious and deliberate sayings and acts. If he is of the utmost greatness and excellence in Allah's presence, then everything that issues from him is of the same order. If the Prophet -- Allah bless and greet him -- were to tell a ruling or put it into practice when such a ruling contradicts Allah's Law, or if he were to command something forbidden or prohibit something permitted, he would not have fulfilled the order to convey, nor be guiding humanity to the straight path, but on the contrary he would be misguiding them and so would not have earned this praise on Allah's part. All this indicates the truthfulness and probativeness of the Sunna and the obligatoriness to adhere to it.
- Allah Almighty and Exalted said: "O Prophet! Keep your duty to Allah and obey not the disbelievers and the hypocrites. Lo! Allah is Knower, Wise. And follow that which is revealed to you from your Lord. Lo! Allah is Aware of what you do" (33:1-2).
- And He said: "Follow that which is inspired in you from your Lord; there is no God save Him; and turn away from the idolaters" (6:106).
- And He said: "And now have We set you (O Muhammad) on a clear road of (Our) commandment; so follow it, and follow not the whims of those who know not" (45:18).
- And He said: "And unto you have We revealed the Scripture with the truth, confirming whatever Scripture was before it, and a watcher over it. So judge between them by that which Allah has revealed, and follow not their desires away from the truth which has come unto you. For each We have appointed a divine law and a traced out way. Had Allah willed He could have made you one community. But that He may try you by that which He has given you (He has made you as you are). So vie one with another in good works. Unto Allah you will all return, and He will then inform you of that wherein you differ. So judge between them by that which Allah has revealed, and follow not their desires, but beware of them lest they seduce you from some part of that which Allah has revealed unto you. And if they turn away, then know that Allah's will is to smite them for some sin of theirs. Lo! many of mankind are evil livers" (5:48-49).
- And He said: "O Messenger! Make known that which has been revealed unto you from your Lord, for if you do it not, you will not have conveyed His message. Allah will protect you from mankind. Lo! Allah guides not the disbelieving folk" (5:67).
- And He said: "And thus have We inspired in you (Muhammad) a Spirit of Our command. You knew not what the Scripture was, nor what the Faith. But We have made it a light whereby We guide whom We will of Our bondmen. And lo! you verily do guide unto a right path, the path of Allah, unto Whom belongs whatsoever is in the heavens and whatsoever is in the earth. Do not all things reach Allah at last?" (42:52-53).
- And He said: "But for the grace of Allah upon you (Muhammad), and His mercy, a party of them had resolved to mislead you, but they will mislead only themselves and they will hurt you not at all. Allah revealed unto you the Scripture and wisdom, and taught you that which you knew not. The grace of Allah toward you has been infinite" (4:113).
- And He said: "But nay! I swear by all that you see and all that you see not, that it is indeed the speech of an illustrious messenger. It is not poet's speech-little is it that you believe! Nor diviner's speech-little is it that you remember! It is a revelation from the Lord of the Worlds. And if he had invented false sayings concerning Us, We assuredly had taken him by the right hand and then severed his life artery, and not one of you could have held Us off from him" (69:38-47).
- And He said: "Say: This is my Way: I call on Allah with sure knowledge, I and whosoever follows me. Glory be to Allah! and I am not of the idolaters" (12:108).
- And He said: "He will enjoin on them that which is right and forbid them that which is wrong. He will make lawful for them all good things and prohibit for them only the foul; and he will relieve them of their burden and the fetters that they used to wear" (7:157).
- And He said: "And lo! you summon them indeed unto a right path" (23:73).
- And He said: "Ya Sin. By the wise Qur'an, Lo! you are of those sent on a straight path, a revelation of the Mighty, the Merciful" (36:1-5).
- And He said: "Therefore (O Muhammad) put your trust in Allah, for you stand on the plain Truth" (27:79).
- And He said: "This day have I perfected your religion for you and completed My favor unto you, and have chosen for you as religion AL- ISLAM" (5:3).
- And He said: "Nun. By the pen and that which they write (therewith), you art not, for your Lord's favor unto you, a madman. And lo! yours verily will be a reward unfailing. And lo! you are of a tremendous nature" (68:1-4).
- Allah Almighty and Exalted has also informed humanity that He was going to accept the Prophet's -- Allah bless and greet him -- testimony over his Community on the Day of Judgment when He said: "Thus We have appointed you a middle nation, that you may be witnesses against mankind. and that the messenger may be a witness against you" (2:143). Allah Almighty and Exalted does not accept testimony except if it comes from someone who is upright both outwardly and inwardly, and from whom nothing issues to violate that condition, whether in word or in deed and whether in the conveyance of the Message or otherwise. This is understood in the light of Allah's complete awareness of all the Prophet's states whether public or hidden.
We conclude this section by citing Allah's saying: "We sent you not save as a mercy for the peoples" (21:107) and " O Prophet! Lo! We have sent you as a witness and a bringer of good tidings and a warner, and as a summoner unto Allah by His permission, and as a lamp that gives light" (33:45-46). The content of these verses is obvious.
Allah's Blessings and Peace on the Prophet, his Family, and all his Companions.